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The text and tables in this book are drawn from hundreds of journal articles, chapters, books, newspaper and magazine reports, and other sources. Those listed below are cited specifically in the text, or are key articles useful for understanding an author's cited works.

Adler, L. E., L. Hoffer, J. M. Griffith, M. C. Waldo, and R. Freedman. 1992. Normalization by nicotine of deficient auditory sensory gating in the relatives of schizophrenics. Biological Psychiatry 32:607-616.

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Balfour, D. J. K. 1994. Neural mechanisms underlying nicotine dependence. Addiction 89:1419-1423.

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Breslau, N., M. M. Kilbey, and P. Andreski. 1993. Nicotine dependence and major depression: New evidence from a prospective investigation. Archives of General Psychiatry 50:31-35.

Breslau, N. 1995. Psychiatric comorbidity of smoking and nicotine dependence. Behavior Genetics 25:95-101.

Breslau, N., and E. L. Peterson. 1996. Smoking cessation in young adults: age at initiation of cigarette smoking and other suspected influences. American Journal of Public Health, 86: 214-220.

Breslau, N., E. L. Peterson, L. R. Schultz, H. D. Chilcoat, P. Andreski. 1998. Major depression and stages of smoking. Archives of General Psychiatry 55:161-166.

Brigham, J., J. Gross, M. L. Stitzer, and L. J. Felch. 1994. Effects of a restricted work-site smoking policy on employees who smoke. American Journal of Public Health 84:773-778.

Burns, D. M. 1992. Positive evidence on effectiveness of selected smoking prevention programs in the United States. Monographs—National Cancer Institute 12:17-20.

California Center for Health Improvement. 1997. Environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer risk.

California Environmental Protection Agency. 1997. Health Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Final Draft for Scientific, Public, and SRP Review.

Camp, D. E., R. C. Klesges, and G. Relyea. 1993. The relationship between body weight concerns and adolescent smoking. Health Psychology 12:24-32.

Cardador, M. T., A. R. Hazan, and S. A. Glantz. 1995. Tobacco industry smokers' rights publications: A content analysis. American Journal of Public Health 85:1212-1217.

Carmelli, D., G. E. Swan, and D. Robinette. 1993. The relationship between quitting smoking and changes in drinking in World War II veteran twins. Journal of Substance Abuse 5:103-116.

Caskey, N., W. C. Wirshing, M. E. Jarvik, D. C. Madsen, and J. L. Elms. 1997. Smoking influences on symptoms in schizophrenics. Paper presented at the third Annual Meeting of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, Nashville, TN, June.

Centers for Disease Control. See Massachusetts Medical Society.

Charlton, A. 1995. Children and tobacco. Tobacco Control 4:103-104.

Chassin, L., C. C. Presson, J. S. Rose, and S. J. Sherman. 1996. The natural history of cigarette smoking from adolescence to adulthood: Demographic predictors of continuity and change. Health Psychology 15:478-484.

Chen, K., and D. B. Kandel. 1995. The natural history of drug use from adolescence to the mid-thirties in a general population sample. American Journal of Public Health 85:41-47.

Cohen, C., W. B. Pickworth, and J. E. Henningfield. 1991. Cigarette smoking and addiction. Clinics in Chest Medicine 12:701-710.

Cohen, S., E. Lichtenstein, J. O. Prochaska, J. S. Rossi, E. R. Gritz, C. R. Carr, C. T. Orleans, V. J. Schoenbach, L. Biener, D. Abrams, C. DiClemente, S. Curry, G. A. Marlatt, K. M. Cummings, S. L. Emont, G. Giovino, and D. Ossip-Klein. 1989. Debunking myths about self-quitting: Evidence from 10 prospective studies of persons who attempt to quit smoking by themselves. American Psychologist 44:1355-1365.

Cronk, C.E., and P. D. Sarvela. 1997. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among rural/small town and urban youth: a secondary analysis of the monitoring the future data set. American Journal of Public Health 87:760-764.

Davis, R. M. 1992. The language of nicotine addiction: Purging the word "habit" from our lexicon. Tobacco Control 1:163-164.

Eisner, J. R., M. Morgan, and P. Gammage. 1987. Belief correlates of perceived addiction in young smokers. European Journal of Psychology of Education 2:307-310.

Eliasson, B., M. R. Taskinen, and U. Smith. 1996. Long-term use of nicotine gum is associated with hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance. Circulation 94:878-881.

Elrod, K., J. J. Buccafusco, and W. J. Jackson. 1988. Nicotine enhances delayed matching-to-sample performance by primates. Life Sciences 43:277-287.

Fiore, M. C. 1991. The new vital sign: Assessing and documenting smoking status. The Journal of the American Medical Association 266:3183-3184.

Fiore, M. C. 1997. AHCPR smoking cessation guideline: A fundamental review. Tobacco Control 6(Suppl. 1):S4-S8.

Fischer, P. M., M. P. Schwartz, J. W. Richards Jr., A. O. Goldstein, T. Rojas. 1991. Brand logo recognition by children aged 3 to 6 years: Mickey Mouse and Old Joe the Camel. The Journal of the American Medical Association 266:3145-3148.

Flegal, K. M., R. P. Troiano, E. R. Pamuk, R. J. Kuczmarski, and S. M. Campbell. 1995. The influence of smoking cessation on the prevalence of overweight in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine 333:1165-1170.

Freedman, R., H. Coon, M. Myles-Worsley, A. Orr-Urtreger, A. Olincy, A. Davis, M. Polymeropoulos, J. Holik, J. Hopkins, M. Hoff, J. Rosenthal, M. C. Waldo, F. Reimherr, P. Wender, J. Yaw, D. A. Young, C. R. Breese, C. Adams, D. Patterson, L. E. Adler, L. Kruglyak, S. Leonard, and W. Byerley. 1997. Linkage of a neurophysiological deficit in schizophrenia to a chromosome 15 locus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 94:587-592.

Frost, K., E. Frank, and E. Maibach. 1997. Relative risk in the news media: A quantification of misrepresentation. American Journal of Public Health 87:842-845.

Gammon, M. D., J. Schoenberg, H. Ahsan, H. Risch, T. Vaughan, W. Chow, H. Rotterdam, A. West, R. Dubrow, J. Stanford, S. Mayne, D. Farrow, S. Niwa, W. Blot, and J. J. Fraumeni. 1997. Tobacco, alcohol, and socioeconomic status and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 89:1277-1284.

Gilbert, D. G. 1995. The Situation x Trait Adaptive Response (STAR) model of nicotine's effects on physiological, emotional, and information processing states. Psychophysiology 32:S7.

Gilbert, D. G. 1995. Smoking: Individual Differences, Psychopathology, and Emotion. Washington, D.C.: Taylor and Francis.

Glover, E. D., M. Laflin, D. Flannery, and D. L. Albritton. 1989. Smokeless tobacco use among American college students. Journal of American College Health 38:81-85.

Gold, M. S. 1995. Tobacco. New York: Plenum Medical Book Company.

Gori, G. B. 1995. Policy against science: The case of environmental tobacco smoke. Risk Analysis 15:15-22.

Greene, J. M., S. T. Ennett, and C. L. Ringwalt. 1997. Substance use among runaway and homeless youth in three national samples. American Journal of Public Health 87:229-235.

Gross, T. M., M. E. Jarvik, and M. R. Rosenblatt. 1993. Nicotine abstinence produces content-specific Stroop interference. Psychopharmacology 110:333-336.

Groth-Marnat, G., S. Leslie, and M. Renneker. 1996. Tobacco control in a traditional Fijian village: Indigenous methods of smoking cessation and relapse prevention. Social Science and Medicine 43:473-477.

Grunberg, N. E. 1991. Smoking cessation and weight gain. The New England Journal of Medicine 324:768-769.

Haaga, D. A., M. M. Gillis, and W. McDermut. 1993. Lay beliefs about the causes and consequences of smoking cessation maintenance. The International Journal of the Addictions 28:369-375.

Hall, S. M., D. Ginsberg, and R. T. Jones. 1986. Smoking cessation and weight gain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 54: 342-346.

Hall, S. M., R. F. Muñoz, V. I. Reus, and K. L. Sees. 1993. Nicotine, negative affect, and depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 61:761-767.

Hall, S. M., C. D. Tunstall, K. L. Vila, and J. Duffy. 1992. Weight gain prevention and smoking cessation: Cautionary findings. American Journal of Public Health 82:799-803.

Hatsukami, D. K., D. Anton, A. Callies, and R. Keenan. 1991. Situational factors and patterns associated with smokeless tobacco use. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 14:383-396.

Hazan, A. R., and S. A. Glantz. 1995. Current trends in tobacco use on prime-time fictional television. American Journal of Public Health 85:116-117.

Hazan, A. R., H. L. Lipton, and S. A. Glantz. 1994. Popular films do not reflect current tobacco use. American Journal of Public Health 84:998-1000.

Heishman, S. J., F. R. Snyder, and J. E. Henningfield. 1993. Performance, subjective, and physiological effects of nicotine in non-smokers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 34:11-18.

Heishman, S. J. 1996. Effects of nicotine on cognitive and psychomotor abilities in nonsmokers. Paper presented at Smoking, Nicotine, and Human Performance, Washington, D.C., November.

Henningfield, J. E. 1996. Public policy foundation: up in smoke—nicotine research travails. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August.

Henningfield, J. E., M. Hariharan, and L. T. Kozlowski. 1996. Nicotine content and health risks of cigars. The Journal of the American Medical Association 276:1857-1858.

Henningfield, J. E., J. Slade, L. Biener, S. Leischow, J. Henningfield, and M. Stitzer. 1997. Reducing tobacco-caused death and disease by reducing exposure in cigarette smokers. Symposium presented at the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, Nashville, Tennessee, June.

Henningfield, J. E., R. V. Fant, A. Radzius, S. Frost, and W. Rickert. 1998. Nicotine delivery and smoke pH of seventeen cigar brands. Paper presented at the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, New Orleans, Louisiana, March.

Howard, G., L. E. Wagenknecht, G. L. Burke, A. Diez-Roux, G. W. Evans, P. McGovern, F. J. Nieto, and G. S. Tell. 1998. Cigarette smoking and progression of atherosclerosis: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. The Journal of the American Medical Association 279:119-124.

Huber, G. L., and R. J. Pandina. 1997. The economics of tobacco use. In The Tobacco Epidemic, K. O. Fagerström, ed. Basel, Switzerland: Karger.

Hughes, J. R., S. T. Higgins, and W. K. Bickel. 1994. Nicotine withdrawal versus other drug withdrawal syndromes: Similarities and dissimilarities. Addiction 89:1461-1470.

Hurt, R. D., R. E. Finlayson, R. M. Morse, and L. J. Davis. 1988. Alcoholism in elderly persons: Medical aspects and prognosis of 216 inpatients. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 63:753-760.

Hurt, R. D., D. P. Sachs, E. D. Glover, K. P. Offord, J. A. Johnston, L. C. Dale, M. A. Khayrallah, D. R. Schroeder, P. N. Glover, C. R. Sullivan, I. T. Croghan, and P. M. Sullivan. 1997. A comparison of sustained-release bupropion and placebo for smoking cessation. The New England Journal of Medicine 337:1195-1202.

Jackson, C., L. Henriksen, D. Dickinson, and D. W. Levine. 1997. The early use of alcohol and tobacco: Its relation to children's competence and parents' behavior. American Journal of Public Health 87:359-364.

Jinot, J., S. Bayard. 1995. Environmental tobacco smoke: Science vs. rhetoric. Risk Analysis 15:91-96.

Jones, G. M. M., B. J. Sahakian, R. Levy, D. M. Warburton, and J. A. Gray. 1992. Effects of acute subcutaneous nicotine on attention, information processing and short-term memory in Alzheimer's disease. Psychopharmacology 108:485-494.

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Kawachi, I., G. A. Colditz, F. E. Speizer, J. E. Manson, M. J. Stampfer, W. C. Willett, and C. H. Hennekens. 1997. A prospective study of passive smoking and coronary heart disease. Circulation 95:2374-2379.

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Klesges, R. C., S. E. Winders, A. W. Meyers, L. H. Eck, K. D. Ward, C. M. Hultquist, J. W. Ray, and W. R. Shadish. 1997. How much weight gain occurs following smoking cessation? A comparison of weight gain using both continuous and point prevalence abstinence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 65:286-291.

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